In, the conversation conditions, participants were instructed to converse with a friend about past experiences, in which their life was threatened. To, control for any between-subject variability we analyzed driving, behavior using the difference scores between single- and dual-task, The following analyses of driving performance include data, from 41 dyads (21 passenger conversation) due to technical problems, with data collection in the driving simulator. Becoming Acquainted with Psychological Research. Attempts to provide a rebuttal to the objection; however, the rebuttal minimally demonstrates that the thesis can withstand the objection and does not apply the principles of charity and accuracy. A book may be summarized in an article or a short paper. For example, is it directed toward a special kind of psychologist? On the theoretical side they raise general questions about how, much current models of attention predict performance of dyads or, groups in complex environments with regard to the allocation of. suggested that the impairment of, driving performance resulting from cell phone conversations is, mediated, at least in part, by reduced attention to visual inputs in, the driving environment. Raises a plausible objection to the thesis presented in the assignment. helped the driver navigate to the rest area. Department of Psychology, University of Utah, 380 South 1530 East, Room 502, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. To “fill in the blanks”, a student should read the journal article and pay specific attention to: Sentence #1- Authors’ last names (year) conducted a study about _____. What is the name of your journal? Reading this article was definitely an eye opening experience, not only did it specifically point out the quantitive decline in driving acuity but it also, for me, reiterated the potential dangers that my behaviors can bring about. An article summary highlights the information in the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The passenger/cell phone interlocutor, was instructed to participate actively in the conversation, and told that the driver had the task of leaving the highway when. Write a 750-1000-word summary. t test. 24 –33). User modelling (pp. In both dual-task conditions, there, is evidence that interlocutors respond to an increase in the cognitive, demand from the driving context by reducing the complexity, of their utterances. This study will demonstrate, by use of simulated driving, how driving acuity becomes markedly deficient when drivers utilize cell phones while driving as opposed to carrying on conversations with passengers in the same vehicle. It would be beneficial to those who read the article to modify their driving habits when it comes to conversing on the cell phones as opposed to conversing with their passengers in the same vehicle. Your outline must be at least 2 pages long and you must answer all questions asked in the assignment as described below. To “fill in the blanks”, a student should read the journal article and pay specific attention to: Sentence #1- Authors’ last names (year) conducted a study about _____. Start with an introduction that mentions the article and a thesis for the review. The length of the paper is equivalent to at least one half of the required number of words. Introduction The title of this journal article is “What Great Managers Do and was written by Marcus Buckingham. Vision in vehicles X. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. Response to Classmates Discussions January 25, 2021. This was a very in-depth research project, particularly for a journal article. A number of studies demonstrated that, this operational level is negatively affected by performing an. © 2020 Grademaster-Pro. Follows with a summary of the main points of the article. (2004). Consider: What is the subject or topic of the author’s research? Criteria for Article Selection . 14, No. (2001). their negative impact on driving performance. 1. How, dangerous is driving with a mobile phone? For the most part, it was well written and well organized. Tags . There was a definite need for a short review of literature to develop the situation. Does it include articles that would be of interest to educators or others outside the field of academic psychology? I must confess that I am guilty of talking on the cell phone or having in depth conversations with my passengers while driving my vehicle. nondriving interlocutors production rates for conversation condition, demand, and the interaction (the F values for the main effects, and the interaction were all _ .16 and effect sizes, partial _2 _, .03). Do NOT cite anything from the abstract–cite directly from the article itself. The lack of a difference between the cell phone conversation, condition and the passenger conversation condition is, notable. 5. The journal article is considered to be the one of the best mediums for an academician to publish the research findings to the broader audience of other academicians. found in the journal of The American Psychological Association, 2020, Vol. A recent research article from a scholarly journal in the field of developmental psychology. Raises an objection to the thesis presented in the assignment. Strayer, D. L., Drews, F. A., & Johnston, W. A. about the event that provoked the initial traffic reference. Driver distraction: The effects of concurrent in-vehicle tasks, road environment, complexity and age on driving performance. Proceedings of the 48nd. Participants were driving under an irregular-flow driving, condition (Drews, Strayer, Uchino, & Smith, in press). Overall more than twice as many, turns occurred in the passenger condition as compared to the cell. Plan to spend at least one half of the time you devote to this assignment to reading and understanding the article. Which of the methods of scientific research described in Chapter 1 is used? Were there sections that seemed very “scientific?”  Are you convinced of the conclusions? Self-nominations are also encouraged. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 941–952. Figure 1. Of the participants 47 were women and 49 participants were men. Follow up with a summary of the main points of the article. Low, demanding traffic was defined as a situation in which the participant’s, vehicle was surrounded by maximally one vehicle (either in, front, behind, or on the left lane), in which a situation of moderately, demanding traffic involved more than one other vehicle in, close proximity to the participant’s vehicle. The transcribed conversations between interlocutors, in the dual-task conditions were coded by two independent. A critical review of driver behavior models: What we. Paper does not flow smoothly when read. As an, additional measure, the number of syllables per word for the driver, and the interlocutor was analyzed. Gugerty et al. Human Factors, 48, 381–391. Moreover, in, pointing to conversation as a joint activity unfolding over time, it, suggests two nonexclusive proposals about how conversations. ), Driver distraction: Theory, effects and mitigation, Drews, F. A., Strayer, D. L., Uchino, B. N., & Smith, T. W. (in press). The objection is strongly grounded in research and logical reasoning. The New England. Provides a strong, thorough rebuttal to the objection. This is an important article in … For both types of, driving situations, the speech production rate of the driver and the, interlocutor in syllables per second was analyzed. By doing this assignment you will learn how research results are presented in journals by reading a journal article. The use of difference scores was indicated because the initial, analyses revealed some minor differences in single-task driving, performance between groups (see Table 1). What conclusions are reached in your article? What, accounts for the seemingly paradoxical finding that a conversation, on a cell phone interferes with driving, whereas having a conversation. 2. This article also pointed out that the fact that they were actually measuring, card drift, was greater with drivers involved in cell phone conversations than with conversations with passengers in the same vehicle. intention of exiting at the rest area in working memory, or second, drivers may not sufficiently process information from the driving, environment (exit signs). 12. use during simulated driving. The student will then complete a Journal Article Review of the article they read. Categories . Guidelines and Advice The assignment will be graded out of 15 and is worth 35% of your final grade. Using your. with previous findings of slower driving cell phone drivers (e.g., Strayer & Drews, 2007; Strayer et al., 2003). Uses an inadequate number of sources that provide little or no support for ideas. Pfeil J, Borrmann S, Bassat Q, Mulenga M, Talisuna A, and Tozan Y. participants in the passenger condition on some measures (e.g., changes in following distance). In their simulator study Ma, and Kaber (2005) measured situation awareness—a precondition, Frank A. Drews, Monisha Pasupathi, and David L. Strayer, Department, Portions of the data presented in this paper have been previously, presented at the Annual Human Factors and Ergonomics Conference and. Make your summary flow! Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. The facilitators of this experiment acquired the necessary driving simulator that was manufactured by L3 Communications I-Sim. For whom does it seem to have been written? The number of syllables per, word is thought to measure the complexity of an utterance, (Berthold, 1998). Following Bavelas, Coates, and Johnson (2000), close-call stories as the topic of the conversation, were used in studying the impact of conversations on, driving. The authors gave enough information for the experiment to be reproduced by supplying the readers with specific information about the simulator used, the age demographic of the participants, the system used to familiarize the study group with the simulators and the different driving scenarios. Vries, & De Waard, 1991; Brown, Tickner, & Simmonds, 1969; Goodman et al., 1999; McKnight & McKnight, 1993; Redelmeier, & Tibshirani, 1997; Strayer, Drews, & Johnston, 2003; Strayer &, Johnston, 2001), and older drivers (Alm & Nilsson, 1995; Strayer, et al., 2003). Summaries a selected (peer-reviewed) journal article in the field of Physiological Psychology. An investigation of the safety implications of wireless, communication in vehicles. Accident, The Publications and Communications (P&C) Board of the American Psychological Association, has opened nominations for the editorships of Developmental Psychology, Journal of Consulting, and Clinical Psychology, and Psychological Review for the years 2011–2016. Journal Article Summary and Critique Summary of the article The topic of the article to be summarized and critiqued herein entails the determination of effects of measuring emotions, with the postulation that the way one would psychologically react to an emotional situation would depend on whether he or she would have been asked about it. (2004) showed that conversations result in higher, error rates for change detection and higher numbers of saccades to, locate a changing item. The name of the journal I chose my journal assignment from is Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. (2003) examined the hypothesis that the observed impairment, could be attributed to a withdrawal of attention from the visual, scene resulting in a form of inattention blindness (i.e., a fixated, object is not being processed resulting in either an incomplete or, no mental representation of the object). authors compared the impact of a hands-free cell phone conversation, a passenger conversation, and a control condition on attention, in a peripheral detection task that simulated driving. mobile telephoning on driving performance. On the tactical level, we analyzed speed and following, distance. Scientific Journal + Article. Unpublished master’s thesis. do know, what should we do? Psychological Science, 24(9), 1842-1847. It is the ultimate “fat-free” writing. THE JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW: The purpose of this assignment is to help you understand how research is conducted and reported in developmental psychology. It seems likely that, a passenger supports the driver by directing attention to the surrounding. Moreover, the perceptual detection, task is much less complex than the driving task, indicating data, The limited literature on cell phone and passenger conversations, suggests that modulation (i.e., slowing) of a conversation. The assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions. Ethical and Cultural Perspectives of Inquiry Paper, Public Administration Organizations Assignment. 8.      Who made up the study population? You should, therefore, choose articles related to current epidemiologic trends for infectious diseases and/or the impact (1979). In the present paper we examined the impact of cell phone and, passenger conversations on driving performance, applying, Groeger’s (1999) conceptualization to guide the operationalization, of driving. Tags . for their helpful comments that significantly improved this article. b Given in syllable per word. Summaries, quotes, and/or paraphrases fit naturally into the sentences and paragraphs. (2007). Peer Review Journal Articles Assignments by The length of the paper is nearly equivalent to the required number of words. The closing remarks are unclear and vague. (2013). Provide a title page in current APA format. Others identified topics of, interest for the participant by questionnaire and had an experimenter, converse with the participant about such topics (Strayer et, al., 2003). additional task like conversing on a cell phone (Alm & Nilsson. Assignment: Journal Article Summary. It provides potential readers with description and analysis, creates a specific interpretation, giving the insight into the focus of the article. An article review is both a summary and an evaluation of another writer's article. Strayer, D. L., & Drews, F. A. The authors presented the information in a professional manner, taking into effect the differences between age groups and driving experiences. Such wise writing wins a lot of praise. Crundall, D., Bains, M., Chapman, P., & Underwood, G. (2005). A summary is always shorter than the original text, often about 1/3 as long as the original. Cell phone induced driver distraction. Organization in an assignment like this is of utmost importance. Becoming Acquainted with Psychological Research. The measure of operational level was based on how well the participants stayed in the center of their lane without lateral movements and various drifting. Production rate and complexity of utterance are, used to test the hypothesis that both conversation partners in the, passenger condition adjust their conversation in response to, changes in the cognitive demand of the traffic imposed on the, driver, reflecting implicit collaboration on the driving task (see, Crundall et al., 2005). Due to the lack of situation awareness of the, interlocutor on a cell phone, modulation is unlikely in the cell, The design of the study was a between-subject design with, dual-task condition (cell phone vs. passenger conversation) as a, between-subjects factor. The purpose of the writing is, for the most part, clear and easy to understand. You will write 2 Journal Article Reviews (Modules/Weeks 1 and 5), which will be based upon your choice of articles from the professional, peer-reviewed journal articles provided in Blackboard. Strayer et al. For the most part, it was well written and well organized. Linguistics Journal article summary; February 11, 2021. The article reference for this assignment is: Steinhart, Y., Carmon, Z., & Trope, Y. condition tended to reduce their production rate. For this purpose, two independent coders coded the traffic as low or moderately, demanding, intercoder-reliability Cohen’s kappa(47) _ .98. Journal Article Summary assignment; What’s a fixture & recognizing them in your home January 25, 2021. Proceedings of the 47th Annual Meeting of the Human. Though the instruction for participants was for one person, to tell a story about close calls, in all cases after a short time both, participants were lively engaged in the conversation. 14. The speed limit was 65 mph. Uncategorized. By contrast, other epidemiological. The study population included 96 adults who ranged in age from 18 years old to 49 years old with 20 years of age being the average age. And briefly explain why it interests you the strategic level of driving, Groeger ( 1999 ) described three.! P & C Board encourages, participation by members of underrepresented groups the... Was implemented and visibility was programmed to be too much shorter or than. To educators or others outside the field of lifespan development: journal article assignment! 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Main concepts from the National Bureau of Economic research ( NBER ) cite your article must be naturalized tentative. Of passenger, conversations on driving using meta-analytic techniques, Methods, results, and strategic levels of.!

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